Volcano Disaster Preparedness

Before a volcanic eruption

  • Prepare an emergency kit and make a family communications plan.
  • Follow evacuation orders issued by authorities.
  • Danger from mudflow increases near waterways and with heavy rain. Mudflows can move very fast, so do not cross any bridge if a mudflow is approaching.
  • Avoid low-lying areas such as valleys and rivers.

During a volcanic eruption

  • Listen for emergency information and alerts.
  • Follow evacuation or shelter orders. If advised to evacuate, then do so early.
  • Avoid areas downwind and downstream of the eruption. Rubble and ash will be carried by wind and gravity.
  • Protect yourself from falling ash that can irritate skin and harm your breathing passages and eyes.
  • Do not drive in heavy ash fall.

Other useful links:

  • The USGS Volcano Hazards Program includes activity updates, feature stories, information about volcano hazards and resources.
  • Download FEMA's Volcano Info Sheet to learn more about staying safe during an eruption.